Post-Partum Depression: Reality or Myth

Post-Partum Depression: Reality or Myth

“Have u met Sarah?”
“No, but I heard she is not well nowadays. She weeps the whole day. She can’t take care of her two weeks baby”.
“Yes, you heard right about her. How thankless mother she is! People pray for babies. She has a healthy baby but she has no worth of this blessing”.
We, ladies, have seen new moms who suffer from these symptoms. Isn’t it too harsh to think that those moms are not gracious for the blessing, rather they are weeping and making life difficult for their husband and family? Alert! Alert! This is not as simple as we think. It is a serious psychological problem that must be addressed.

What is Postpartum Depression?

Do we know what the real problem with them is? According to research 1 out of every 9 mothers face these conditions which is Postpartum Depression for sure. We need to understand what postpartum depression is.
It is a condition of depression that new mothers face usually within two weeks of giving birth to their babies and sometimes during pregnancy. At times it subsides over time but at times it stays. In this case, the patient should visit a psychologist/ psychiatrist.

Symptoms of PPD

One can undergo the following symptoms of PPD.
⦁ low mood,
⦁ crying spells,
⦁ negative thoughts for her baby,
⦁ less or too much sleep,
⦁ feeling of guilt being an incompetent mother,
⦁ Lack of energy, interest & appetite etc.

Causes of PPD

The causes can be physical, mental, and emotional. Some people are more prone to depression due to their history of depression. The physical reasons can be hormonal imbalance and genetic predisposition. During pregnancy, hormones remain very active and after giving birth to a baby they slow down abruptly. This sudden change/fall in hormonal activity is a significant cause of depression.
Sometimes ladies face some financial issues and as the baby comes they become so worried about upbringing and fulfilling a child’s needs that they fall into depression.
Another reason is emotional. While living in different cities, far from their families, ladies don’t have a support system which is quite important at this time especially. So this can trigger PPD.
Interestingly new fathers can also suffer from PPD if they have a history of clinical depression. As in people with clinical depression, anything can trigger their depression.

Is This PPD or ‘Baby Blues?’

PPD’s symptoms can be mixed with “baby blues”. The main difference between these two is that “baby blues” is a bit temporary condition. It’s symptoms usually subside in 3 to 5 days. Though the mother suffers the same symptoms but it will be diagnosed as PPD if the symptoms persist for two weeks or more.

Treatment and Prognosis

Never neglect this condition of your wife/daughter/sister etc. It is a serious condition. It is something that should be addressed immediately. The symptoms aggravate with time. A psychiatrist or psychologist must be consulted to control the intensity. The treatment can be a combination of antidepressant drugs, antipsychotic drugs, and behavioral therapies. The medicines can take one to four weeks to improve the condition of the affected person. Once recovered, it can be discontinued because PPD is treatable.
Such a patient needs true empathy and support. So with the doctor’s treatment plan, the support system at home is a must. Never be judgmental with such patients as this will create pressure on them and this will worsen the condition.

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